Humans are the only species on Earth capable of looking into ourselves. Not just in the soul-searching kind of way, but literally opening our heads and studying the brain. Our brain is what makes us tick, what makes us who we are, and nearly all of our body parts are used to either protect or keep our brain running.
Our Brains and Depression
What’s interesting is that our brains are powered by electricity. Our body consumes calories to create energy, which the brain uses to activate its cells and produce the needed signals to keep us alive and make us who we are. Sometimes, the brain fails to function the right way, often caused by infections, abnormalities, or injuries. One such example is depression, a condition where the brain’s altered chemistry causes a person’s thoughts and perception, causing feelings of sadness and disinterest. Sometimes it can be managed using drugs, but medications don’t always work for everyone. Some people are resistant to drugs, others cannot tolerate the drugs itself, and some have persistent or severe depression that won’t fully go away with meds alone.
Through the use of electromagnetism, however, medical researchers and physicians found ways to affect our brain and help treat conditions such as depression. Since several regions of the brain regulate our mood, stimulating these areas could activate neurons in an attempt to awake or realign the circuitry in your brain.
How it Works and What to Expect
Before you start a TMS procedure, you’ll need to do two tests: a physical exam and lab tests to ensure TMS is safe for you. TMS is a safe and harmless procedure, but in the realms of medicine, we always need to be as safe as possible. You could have metal plates in your body from surgery, a pacemaker or similar devices, or foreign objects that could be affected by the magnet.
Then, you’ll undergo a psychiatric evaluation, which is especially important if you are suffering from depression. When all is said and done, you’re ready for TMS therapy.
You’re going to be seated on a chair and the operator will attach sensors to your hand and your head that will monitor your body’s electrical activity. The procedure starts with the physician placing the “coil” over your head activate the machine.
The first step is to activate the coil on certain parts of your brain. When the machine is activated, it will produce a somewhat loud clicking sound and one of your arms or legs may twitch. This procedure is called mapping. Once they are finished with mapping and they have found the area to be stimulated, they will begin the procedure.
The coil will stay on a certain part of your head and the machine will turn the coil on at fixed intervals. The entire procedure may last around 30 to 40 minutes. Afterward, you may feel slight hearing impairment from the loud clicks, and a bit of scalp pain or discomfort. In some cases, you might feel some motion sickness, but all the symptoms will disappear after a few minutes.
The entire therapy may last somewhere between 25 to 40 sessions and is usually done about 5 or 6 days a week.
For more questions about TMS or to schedule a consultation, contact us today.