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What is Autism and How Can TMS Help?

What is Autism?

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Autism affects 1 in every 68 births and about 1 percent of the world population. Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder is a mental condition that affects how a person interacts with other people and his or her environment. ASD is often characterized by difficulty in:

  • Forming social skills
  • Repeated behaviors
  • Problems in speech and nonverbal communication

 

The term ‘spectrum’ refers to the different kinds of challenges and strengths that each person with autism may face. There are many types of autism, which caused by various combinations of genetics and environmental factors.

Some of the signs of autism tend to show in children ages between 2 to 3 years old. This means a diagnosis can come as early as 18 months old and possibly earlier for certain developmental delays.

 

Common Early Signs of Autism:

  • Avoiding eye contact and choosing to be alone
  • Problems communicating with other people
  • Difficulty understanding other people’s feeling
  • Has delayed language (verbal) development
  • Repeating words or phrases
  • Easily distracted by slight changes in their environment or routine
  • Has very limited interests
  • Doing odd behaviors like rocking, spinning, or flapping
  • Reacts unusually to loud sounds or reactions
  • Has strong responses to different lights, colors, textures, and tastes

 

Early Diagnosis is Key in Treating Autism

Early diagnosis is the key to treating autism in young children. Getting the right help as soon as possible can lead the person to living a full life. The main goal of the treatment is to develop the overall function of the person and improve their social skills.

Today, there are several treatments available to help people with autism cope up with their daily lives. These include the following:

  • Medication
  • Specialized therapies like speech, occupational, and physical therapy
  • Community support and parent training
  • Behavioral training and management

 

Advancements in Medical Science

Today, experts are considering the use of TMS treating people with autism. Even with limited participants, the use of TMS therapy in treating autism already shows great promise. However, using TMS therapy for patients is not likely to treat the overall condition.

Nonetheless, TMS may help improve certain symptoms associated with the disorder. Although it may sound like small progress, it can help in the most important factors when dealing with autism.

These clinical studies discovered TMS therapy can:

  • Relieve symptoms of irritability
  • lessen repetitive behaviors
  • Improve hand-eye coordination
  • Enhance social skills

Through these studies, researchers are discovering the effectiveness of TMS therapy in treating autism.  TMS as a therapy has fewer risks compared to others and researchers continues to test the method’s boundaries. Today, there are several ongoing studies about the use of TMS therapy and its effect on autism.

Some of the known current studies in TMS therapy are searching for:

  • The overall improvement of autism patients
  • Considering the possible changes in social skills of people with autism
  • Aiming to improve social skills of people with intellectual disability and autism

 

Several studies show that TMS can lessen some symptoms of autism. However, these studies primarily concentrate on TMS therapy and autism on verbal adults. In theory, the younger brain may benefit more from TMS. Hopefully, further studies can back up this theory.

 

TMS Use in Various Diseases

For more than two decades, researchers have been exploring TMS therapy for the treatment of several mental problems. In 2008, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) passed the usage of TMS therapy for treating depression. TMS therapy can improve mood and behavior for patients suffering from mental illnesses. Usually, this method is used on people who do not respond well to medications or more traditional therapies.

The FDA approval is a good indicator that the treatment can effectively help patients. TMS can stimulate the brain cells associated with mood control. However, TMS doesn’t yet have FDA approval in treating autism.

 

Early Stages of Research for TMS Therapy and Autism

Although have shown that TMS therapy can cure depression, the use of it for several mental disorders is still in its infancy. Today, there is no scientific data for using TMS treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). However, there are many journal articles that cover TMS use for autism. Still, these studies are either theoretical or review articles based on previous research studies.

Several of these studies have clinical trials, but participants range from one up to 27 people. Taken together the studies have less than 200 participants total. Nevertheless, these studies show positive results in treating the disorder. Several kinds of research also show results that TMS can also help patients in:

  • Undergoing movement rehabilitation after a stroke
  • Decreasing symptoms of schizophrenia
  • Relieving symptoms of anxiety

 

It is important to note that the FDA does not have any certification of TMS therapy for these physical and mental conditions.

Even with limited participants, the use of TMS therapy in treating autism shows great promise. Using TMS therapy in autism patients is not likely to treat the overall condition of the patient. But it may help enhance certain symptoms associated with the disorder.

These clinical studies discovered that TMS therapy can:

  • Relieve symptoms of irritability for autism patients
  • Lessen repetitive behaviors
  • Improve eye-hand coordination associated with autism disability
  • Enhance social skills of autism patients

 

Current TMS Studies

With these studies, researchers still can’t pinpoint which symptoms are more responsive to TMS therapy. But this does not stop researchers from discovering the other uses of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.

TMS therapy has fewer risk compared to other treatments, researchers continue to test the method’s boundaries. Today, there are several ongoing studies about the use of TMS therapy for treating patients with autism.

Some of the known current studies in TMS therapy search for:

  • Overall improvement of autism patients
  • Considering the possible changes in social skills of people with autism
  • Aiming for improving social skills of people with intellectual disability and autism.

 

What These Results Mean

Although several studies suggested that TMS can lessen some symptoms of autism, they don’t prove that it can treat the disorder. For now, it is still too early to conclude whether TMS can help autism patients, especially if the FDA doesn’t acknowledge much of it.

Currently, studies regarding TMS therapy and autism concentrate on verbal adults. But in theory, a younger brain may benefit more from TMS. However, research need to focus on larger group studies that target verbal and nonverbal patients including children.

Further studies and meticulous research are needed to back up the many theories about TMS therapy and autism.

 

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TMS of the Palm Beaches

4205 W. Atlantic Avenue, Ste. C301,
Delray Beach, FL 33445

Phone:
(561) 332-3285

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