Anxiety is a condition that has many forms, including being aggravated by various types of depression. Thus, anxiety is a complex condition that may debilitate a person who has it. It is also important to remember that anxiety varies in levels from hour to hour. It also varies in degrees from day to day. And as far as being responsive to environmental influences is concerned, anxiety can also lead to panic attacks and improper social behavior.
One treatment used for anxiety is prescription medications. Your doctor might prescribe a particular medication to treat anxiety. Other medications may also be prescribed to combat the side effects of the main drug used to treat anxiety. Because of the side effects experienced by people taking anti-anxiety medications, a variety of treatments have been developed as an alternative to or additional support for medication.
One such treatment is Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) therapy. TMS can be given to patients who don’t respond to counselling and prescription medications. They can also be given if patients experience extreme side effects with prescribed drugs. TMS has many forms and the responses from patients with anxiety vary. It actually is dependent on various factors:
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1. Type Of Magnetic Coil
Each TMS machine type has a different magnetic coil. For example, Neurostar’s coil is a figure-8 coil. This type of coil stimulates a relatively focused area of the brain. On the other hand, the Brainsway device has a coil that stimulates a wider area because of its H-shape form.
2. Stimulation Location
Certain locations of the brain are stimulated based on the illness being treated. For example, clinical trials stimulate the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex for anxiety. On the other hand, the orbitofrontal cortex is stimulated for obsessive compulsive disorder.
3. Stimulation Frequency
Clinical trials of TMS usually deliver a rapid stimulation of cortex at the frequency level of 10Hz. However, with anxiety, 1 Hz is used. This is because 1 Hz is known to induce inhibitory reactions on cortical activity. On the other hand, 10 Hz is known to have excitatory effects.
Studies have also been conducted on the use of TMS for PTSD, Panic Disorder, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder. For example, one controlled trial showed results that the stimulation of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex at 10 Hz is very efficient for core PTSD.
In another study, they have found symptom reduction for those who have panic disorders. In this study, a 1 Hz treatment was used to stimulate the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Remission of patients was also present in another study. This used stimulation of the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex at 1 Hz. Note: The patients who underwent this study have generalized anxiety disorder.
Anxiety can be a difficult condition to deal with, especially since it so often comes side by side with depression. People with extreme anxiety disorders can have an incredibly difficult time trying to live an “everyday” life. The good thing is studies have shown promising results regarding TMS for anxiety. If you have a loved one who has this condition, you can talk to your doctor about undergoing TMS.
It can be an alternative or a supplement to your loved ones’ current therapy sessions and could potentially lead to longer periods without anxiety attacks. To learn more about TMS treatment for anxiety, give us a call Monday through Friday from 9am to 5pm.